The monkeypox virus transmits from animals to humans. First identified in 1958 in the Democratic Republic of Congo and has been found in other countries since then. The virus belongs to the same family as smallpox and variola viruses but does not have the same potential for human-to-human transmission. The monkeypox virus, found in certain types of African and Asian monkeys. Humans get the infection through contact with an infected animal or person.
Symptoms of Monkey Pox
The symptoms of monkeypox are similar to those of chickenpox, with a fever, headache, muscle aches, and swollen lymph nodes on the neck or under the arm. The symptoms usually appear 10-14 days after exposure to the virus. Symptoms usually last 3–5 days. Monkey Pox virus spread through contact with the saliva, urine, or feces of an infected person. It’s not related to the smallpox virus.
Some people may not show any symptoms while others may have a fever and rash that starts on their face before spreading to different parts of the body. If left untreated, it can lead to serious complications including pneumonia, encephalitis (swelling of the brain), bleeding from the mouth and ears and even death
How to Prevent Monkey Pox?
The most important thing to do is to avoid contact with infected animals. The virus can be pass from animals to people through bites, scratches, or contact with saliva or other bodily fluids.
People who have been in contact with an animal that has monkeypox should wash their hands thoroughly and avoid touching their eyes, nose, or mouth until they have washed their hands. Cover any cut or scratch on the skin while treating monkeypox.
If an infected animal bites or scratches you, clean the wound immediately and get medical attention.
Following the right precaution prevents monkeypox. Vaccination, stay away from infected animals, and avoid contact with people who have been in contact with infected animals.